Tuesday, October 25, 2011

Some Serious Anomalies with Conventional Neo-Assyrian Chronology


Hello all,



I am continuing to review David Rice's 'Time and Prophecy' in



regards the period of the Kings in scripture. Inasmuch as Mr Rice's



chronology seems to mirror the popular Thiele, many of



these 'anamolies' apply to the general consensus.



This posting just deals with the first 6 of the 7 anomalies I've



come up with in regards to synchronizing Hezekiah, King of Judah,



with the Assyrian Kings. The 7th anomalie is long enoug for it's own



post.



Synchronizing Hezekiah



with



Tiglathpileser (King of Assyria)



Shalmaneser (King of Assyria and Babylon)



Merodachbaladan (King of Babylon),



Sargon (King of Assyria & Babylon)



and



Sennacherib (King of Assyria and Babylon)



Introduction



There are many `anomalies' in the current



chronological/archeological understanding of the synchronisms



between Hezekiah and various Kings of Assyria. Most of them, in this



discussion have to do with one event, that of the siege of the



cities of Judah by Sennacherib which modern chronologists happened



in Sennacherib, king of Babylon Year 4 which corresponds to



Hezekiah, king of Judah, year 14. In my opinion, modern chronologers



fail to recognize that Sennacherib invaded JUDAH twice.



Part I – the 7 anomalies



Anomaly 1



Firstly, in the Brittish Museum, there is an `inscription' on a



winged bull. Stafford and Jo Anne North write this about it:



"Also in Room 10 are two huge winged bulls, with attendant genies,



from Khorsabad, the Palace of Sargon discovered in 1843. An



inscription from the stomach of this bull says that King Hezekiah of



Judah paid tribute to Sargon. While the Bible does not mention this,



it does mention that Hezekiah's father paid such tribute and



Hezekiah may have continued that early in his reign. Later, however,



he rebelled against Assyria."



--- http://www.oc.edu/faculty/stafford.north/britmus/Tour-2003.htm



However, consider the following scripture:



2Ki 18:13, 14 Now in the fourteenth year of king Hezekiah did ----



Sennacherib---- king of Assyria come up against all the fenced



cities of Judah, and took them. And Hezekiah king of Judah sent to



the king of Assyria to Lachish, saying, I have offended; return from



me: that which thou puttest on me will I bear. And the king of



Assyria appointed unto Hezekiah king of Judah three hundred talents



of silver and thirty talents of gold.



Here it says that Hezekiah paid tribute to Sennacherib, while the



Winged Bull in the British Museum says that Hezekiah paid tribute to



SARGON. Certainly, Hezekiah could have paid tribute to both of them.



However, Damien Mackey, in an internet article entitled: `A



Revolutionary Thesis, Sargon is Sennacherib', found at:



http://www.specialtyinterests.net/sargon.html , claims they are one



and the same person.



Now, scriptures also, in Isaiah 20, refer to Sargon. Could the



scriptures refer to the same person with different names? YES! ---



such is the case with Tiglathpileser (the Assyrian name) and PUL



(the Babylonian AND Assyrian name). Tiglathpileser died only 5 years



prior to Sargon's accension to the throne. I'll cover this in more



detail later, but when you read about the next few anomalies, think



about how well this would explain the anomalies. ---IF--- you don't



like my explanation, then I suggest, you try to come up with an



alternate.



I should mention, for now, that the biggest objection to



this `Sargon = Sennacherib' theory, is that there is some evidence



that Sargon was Sennacherib's father, and further, that when Sargon



was killed, Sennacherib ascended the throne. I will later show, that



if you trace this back to the source of the evidence, you will see,



that the rock inscriptions which supposedly make this claim, do not



in fact, even contain the name SARGON; rather, the translators of



the text inserted the name SARGON in square brackets, indicating



that the name SARGON was not in the inscription, but that they



thought he should have been! Here is one example, written in 1936,



by Stephen L Caiger D B, and found at:



(http://www.katapi.org.uk/BAndS/ChXIII.htm)



-----------------------------------------------



"Sargon, however, did not long survive this triumph. He died in 705



BC, as recorded in the Limmu List:



705 BC:



... a soldier entered the camp of the king of Assyria [Sargon],



and killed him in the month Abib.



And Sennacherib sat on the throne.



(Pinches, op.cit., p.372.) [Sennacherib—Sin-ahe-erba.]"



-----------------------------------------------



Anomaly 2



Secondly, in regards to the 1800 foot long tunnel which Hezekiah dug



through limestone to divert the water from the spring called Gihon,



Guy Gugliotta, Washington Post Staff Writer, on Thursday, September



11, 2003; Page A03, states:



" Scholars for years thought that Hezekiah ordered the tunnel



constructed to secure Jerusalem's water supply in anticipation of



the arrival of King Sennacherib's Assyrian armies. Sennacherib, who



spent most of his career putting down revolts by peoples conquered



by his father, Sargon, besieged Jerusalem but never entered it.



Recent excavations have challenged this version of events. These



show that Gihon Spring already lay within Jerusalem's battlements



when Sennacherib laid siege, so "it's not so easy to know why the



tunnel was built, since the water supply was already protected,"



Stager said. "Everybody figures it had something to do with the



Assyrians, but they aren't quite sure what."



Here is what scripture says:



2 Ch 32:1,4, 30 (1) After these things, and the establishment



thereof, ----Sennacherib--- king of Assyria came, and entered into



Judah, and encamped against the fenced cities, and thought to win



them for himself. …(4) So there was gathered much people together,



who stopped all the fountains, and the brook that ran through the



midst of the land, saying, Why should the kings of Assyria come, and



find much water? …(30) This same Hezekiah also stopped the upper



watercourse of Gihon, and brought it straight down to the west side



of the city of David.



The scripture says that Hezekiah built the tunnel and walls AFTER



Sennacherib encamped against the fenced cities of Judah; however,



the article says: `Recent excavations have challenged this version



of events. These show that Gihon Spring already lay within



Jerusalem's battlements when Sennacherib laid siege,'



Well, which version is correct?



Well, suppose, that Damien Mackey is correct, and that Sargon and



Sennacherib are the same person. Well, first, Sargon came to Judah



and `encamped against the fenced cities of Judah'. There were



several cities in the country called Judah which had walls:



Ezr 9:9 For we [were] bondmen; yet our God hath not forsaken us in



our bondage, but hath extended mercy unto us in the sight of the



kings of Persia, to give us a reviving, to set up the house of our



God, and to repair the desolations thereof, and to give us a wall in



Judah and in Jerusalem.



Anomaly 3



Thirdly, according to the chronology of modern scholars, Merodach-



Baladan had been dead for at least 9 years when he visited Hezekiah!



Let me explain. David Rice says wrote in Time and Prophecy, Appendix



G, page 96:



"(5) Shalmaneser was succeeded on the throne of Assyria by Sargon



the same month he died (Tebet, month 10), and on the throne of



Babylon by Merodach-Baladan the following Nisan, which the narrative



implies began his first year. Merodach-Baladan ruled for 12 years



when he was replaced by Sargon. (Grayson 73-75) " pg 96, Time and



Prophecy.



Please note, Mr Rice says that Sargon became King of Assyria, the



same year as Merodach-Baladan became King of Babylon, then 12 years



later, Merodach-Baladan died, and Sargon, in addition to being king



of Assyria, became king of Babylon for 5 years. Sennacherib



succeeded Sargon. This means, that, in Mr Rice's chronology,



Merodach-Baladan died 5 years before Sennacherib Year 1, king of



Babylon. Now, 4 years after this (9 years after Merodach-Baladin's



death), Mr Rice has Sennacherib, in his Babylonian Year 4, invading



Jerusalem on the famous Hezekiah Year 14 – the year Hezekiah got



sick. This is a problem for Isaiah, consider:



Isa 39:1 At that time Merodachbaladan, the son of Baladan, king of



Babylon, sent letters and a present to Hezekiah: for he had heard



that he had been sick, and was recovered.



Isaiah has Merodach-Baladan visiting Hezekiah sometime after he



(Hezekiah) recovered from his sickness. Hezekiah was sick in year



14, and sometime after this, he recovered. The problem is Merodach-



Baladan, according to Mr Rice's scheme, had been dead for at least 9



years!



Anomaly 4



All of Sennacherib's solders were killed, yet somehow Sennacherib



took 200,150 prisoners.



Damien Mackey in `Sargon is Sennacherib', quoting Boutflower says



that Sennacherib said this:



As for Hezekiah of Judah, who did not submit to my yoke, 46 of his



strong walled cities, as well as the small cities in their



neighbourhood, which were without number - by levelling with



battering-rams and advancing the siege engines, by attacking and



storming on foot, by mines, tunnels, and breaches, I besieged and



captured. 200,150 people, great and small, male and female, horses,



mules, asses, camels, cattle and sheep without number, I brought



away from them and counted as spoil.



However, scripture says this:



2 Kings 19:25,36 (35) And it came to pass that night, that the



angel of the LORD went out, and smote in the camp of the Assyrians



an hundred fourscore and five thousand: and when they arose early in



the morning, behold, they [were] all dead corpses. (36) So



Sennacherib king of Assyria departed, and went and returned, and



dwelt at Nineveh.



Sennacherib claimed to take 200,150 Judahites captive, yet scripture



claims the angel of the Lord killed Sennacherib's 185,000 Assyrian



soldiers – "they were all dead corpses". –IF— all of Sennacherib's



solders were dead, then how did Sennacherib bring back 200,150



prisoners?



Well, a reasonable explanation, is that Sennacherib invaded Judah



twice. The first time, he kicked butt, while his butt got kicked the



second time. If the first invasion matches the details of invasion



described in the Sargon inscriptions, which it does, then this would



lend weight to the idea that Sargon is Sennacherib!



Anomaly 5



Fifthly – Where's the gold?



First, Hezekiah gives Sennacherib all the gold.



2Ki 18:14 And Hezekiah king of Judah sent to the king of Assyria to



Lachish, saying, I have offended; return from me: that which thou



puttest on me will I bear. And the king of Assyria appointed unto



Hezekiah king of Judah three hundred talents of silver and thirty



talents of gold.



2 Ki 18:15 And Hezekiah gave [him] all the silver that was found in



the house of the LORD, and in the treasures of the king's house.



2Ki 18:16 At that time did Hezekiah cut off [the gold from] the



doors of the temple of the LORD, and [from] the pillars which



Hezekiah king of Judah had overlaid, and gave it to the king of



Assyria.



Then, he shows it to Merodachbaladan!



Isa 39:1,2, 6 (1) At that time Merodachbaladan, the son of Baladan,



king of Babylon, sent letters and a present to Hezekiah: for he had



heard that he had been sick, and was recovered. (2) And Hezekiah



was glad of them, and shewed them the house of his precious things,



the silver, and the gold, and the spices, and the precious ointment,



and all the house of his armour, and all that was found in his



treasures: there was nothing in his house, nor in all his dominion,



that Hezekiah shewed them not. (6) Behold, the days come, that all



that [is] in thine house, and [that] which thy fathers have laid up



in store until this day, shall be carried to Babylon: nothing shall



be left, saith the LORD.



Anomaly 6



Sixthly, too many events occurred in Hezekiah Year 14 = Sennacherib



year 4.



As I stated in the introduction, in my opinion, modern chronologers



fail to recognize that Sennacherib invaded JUDAH twice. Well,



suppose they are correct. Here are some of the events which would



have had to happen in that one year.



Sennacherib, along with 185,000 solders, claimed to come to Judah



and `leveled' "46 of his strong walled cities" How long would it



take to travil to `level' one city? Well, say it took two weeks to



traval from Ninevah to the first `strong walled city', then say it



took 3 days to level it; then say, it took 2 days to travel to the



next `strong walled city' and 3 more days to level it. You would end



up with 2 weeks + 5 days/city * 46 cities = 244 days. Hmmmm… not



likely. Sometime during this warmonging, Sennacherib sent some



messengers to Hezekiah, asking him to surrender, which, Hezekiah



politely refused, however, he stripped the temple of gold and silver



and gave Sennacherib 30 talents of gold and several hundred talents



of silver and quickly began construction of an 1800 foot long, 4



foot wide and 12 foot tall, tunnel through solid limestone. In



addition, Hezekiah started construction and repairs on the walls of



Jerusalem. All this stress made Hezekiah sick unto death, but he



prayed to God, and God said he would live 15 more years and would



send a sign such that the sun's shadow would go back 10 degrees



Then, Sennacherib, his solders, and his 200,150 prisoners, had to



travel 2 weeks back to Ninevah with 200,150 prisoners, drop them off



at the local slave market, and travel 2 weeks back to Judah… 272



days. But when they got there, drats, old Hezekiah had finished



building his tunnel and put up walls. Hmmmm…. Not likely. Then, they



sieged Jerusalem, but the angel of the Lord killed all of his



solders, so he traveled two weeks back to Ninevah… i.e. 286 days!!!



In the meantime, according to Isaiah 39, Hezekiah had recovered



from his sickness, and the Merodach-Baladan, who had been dead for



over 9 years, rose from the grave and paid Hezekiah a visit!



Whereupon, Hezekiah somehow showed Merodach-Baladan all the gold and



silver in the temple, which somehow managed to magically reappear.



a lively stone,



TOby



Taken from: http://tech.dir.groups.yahoo.com/group/ancient_chronology/message/1874

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