I am continuing to review David Rice's 'Time and Prophecy' in
regards the period of the Kings in scripture. Inasmuch as Mr Rice's
chronology seems to mirror the popular Thiele, many of
these 'anamolies' apply to the general consensus.
This posting just deals with the first 6 of the 7 anomalies I've
come up with in regards to synchronizing Hezekiah, King of Judah,
with the Assyrian Kings. The 7th anomalie is long enoug for it's own
Tiglathpileser (King of Assyria)
Shalmaneser (King of Assyria and Babylon)
Merodachbaladan (King of Babylon),
Sargon (King of Assyria & Babylon)
Sennacherib (King of Assyria and Babylon)
There are many `anomalies' in the current
chronological/archeological understanding of the synchronisms
between Hezekiah and various Kings of Assyria. Most of them, in this
discussion have to do with one event, that of the siege of the
cities of Judah by Sennacherib which modern chronologists happened
in Sennacherib, king of Babylon Year 4 which corresponds to
Hezekiah, king of Judah, year 14. In my opinion, modern chronologers
fail to recognize that Sennacherib invaded JUDAH twice.
Part I – the 7 anomalies
Firstly, in the Brittish Museum, there is an `inscription' on a
winged bull. Stafford and Jo Anne North write this about it:
"Also in Room 10 are two huge winged bulls, with attendant genies,
from Khorsabad, the Palace of Sargon discovered in 1843. An
inscription from the stomach of this bull says that King Hezekiah of
Judah paid tribute to Sargon. While the Bible does not mention this,
it does mention that Hezekiah's father paid such tribute and
Hezekiah may have continued that early in his reign. Later, however,
he rebelled against Assyria."
However, consider the following scripture:
2Ki 18:13, 14 Now in the fourteenth year of king Hezekiah did ----
Sennacherib---- king of Assyria come up against all the fenced
cities of Judah, and took them. And Hezekiah king of Judah sent to
the king of Assyria to Lachish, saying, I have offended; return from
me: that which thou puttest on me will I bear. And the king of
Assyria appointed unto Hezekiah king of Judah three hundred talents
of silver and thirty talents of gold.
Here it says that Hezekiah paid tribute to Sennacherib, while the
Winged Bull in the British Museum says that Hezekiah paid tribute to
SARGON. Certainly, Hezekiah could have paid tribute to both of them.
However, Damien Mackey, in an internet article entitled: `A
Revolutionary Thesis, Sargon is Sennacherib', found at:
http://www.specialtyinterests.net/sargon.html , claims they are one
and the same person.
Now, scriptures also, in Isaiah 20, refer to Sargon. Could the
scriptures refer to the same person with different names? YES! ---
such is the case with Tiglathpileser (the Assyrian name) and PUL
(the Babylonian AND Assyrian name). Tiglathpileser died only 5 years
prior to Sargon's accension to the throne. I'll cover this in more
detail later, but when you read about the next few anomalies, think
about how well this would explain the anomalies. ---IF--- you don't
like my explanation, then I suggest, you try to come up with an
I should mention, for now, that the biggest objection to
this `Sargon = Sennacherib' theory, is that there is some evidence
that Sargon was Sennacherib's father, and further, that when Sargon
was killed, Sennacherib ascended the throne. I will later show, that
if you trace this back to the source of the evidence, you will see,
that the rock inscriptions which supposedly make this claim, do not
in fact, even contain the name SARGON; rather, the translators of
the text inserted the name SARGON in square brackets, indicating
that the name SARGON was not in the inscription, but that they
thought he should have been! Here is one example, written in 1936,
by Stephen L Caiger D B, and found at:
"Sargon, however, did not long survive this triumph. He died in 705
BC, as recorded in the Limmu List:
... a soldier entered the camp of the king of Assyria [Sargon],
and killed him in the month Abib.
And Sennacherib sat on the throne.
(Pinches, op.cit., p.372.) [Sennacherib—Sin-ahe-erba.]"
Secondly, in regards to the 1800 foot long tunnel which Hezekiah dug
through limestone to divert the water from the spring called Gihon,
Guy Gugliotta, Washington Post Staff Writer, on Thursday, September
11, 2003; Page A03, states:
" Scholars for years thought that Hezekiah ordered the tunnel
constructed to secure Jerusalem's water supply in anticipation of
the arrival of King Sennacherib's Assyrian armies. Sennacherib, who
spent most of his career putting down revolts by peoples conquered
by his father, Sargon, besieged Jerusalem but never entered it.
Recent excavations have challenged this version of events. These
show that Gihon Spring already lay within Jerusalem's battlements
when Sennacherib laid siege, so "it's not so easy to know why the
tunnel was built, since the water supply was already protected,"
Stager said. "Everybody figures it had something to do with the
Assyrians, but they aren't quite sure what."
Here is what scripture says:
2 Ch 32:1,4, 30 (1) After these things, and the establishment
thereof, ----Sennacherib--- king of Assyria came, and entered into
Judah, and encamped against the fenced cities, and thought to win
them for himself. …(4) So there was gathered much people together,
who stopped all the fountains, and the brook that ran through the
midst of the land, saying, Why should the kings of Assyria come, and
find much water? …(30) This same Hezekiah also stopped the upper
watercourse of Gihon, and brought it straight down to the west side
of the city of David.
The scripture says that Hezekiah built the tunnel and walls AFTER
Sennacherib encamped against the fenced cities of Judah; however,
the article says: `Recent excavations have challenged this version
of events. These show that Gihon Spring already lay within
Jerusalem's battlements when Sennacherib laid siege,'
Well, which version is correct?
Well, suppose, that Damien Mackey is correct, and that Sargon and
Sennacherib are the same person. Well, first, Sargon came to Judah
and `encamped against the fenced cities of Judah'. There were
several cities in the country called Judah which had walls:
Ezr 9:9 For we [were] bondmen; yet our God hath not forsaken us in
our bondage, but hath extended mercy unto us in the sight of the
kings of Persia, to give us a reviving, to set up the house of our
God, and to repair the desolations thereof, and to give us a wall in
Judah and in Jerusalem.
Thirdly, according to the chronology of modern scholars, Merodach-
Baladan had been dead for at least 9 years when he visited Hezekiah!
Let me explain. David Rice says wrote in Time and Prophecy, Appendix
G, page 96:
"(5) Shalmaneser was succeeded on the throne of Assyria by Sargon
the same month he died (Tebet, month 10), and on the throne of
Babylon by Merodach-Baladan the following Nisan, which the narrative
implies began his first year. Merodach-Baladan ruled for 12 years
when he was replaced by Sargon. (Grayson 73-75) " pg 96, Time and
Please note, Mr Rice says that Sargon became King of Assyria, the
same year as Merodach-Baladan became King of Babylon, then 12 years
later, Merodach-Baladan died, and Sargon, in addition to being king
of Assyria, became king of Babylon for 5 years. Sennacherib
succeeded Sargon. This means, that, in Mr Rice's chronology,
Merodach-Baladan died 5 years before Sennacherib Year 1, king of
Babylon. Now, 4 years after this (9 years after Merodach-Baladin's
death), Mr Rice has Sennacherib, in his Babylonian Year 4, invading
Jerusalem on the famous Hezekiah Year 14 – the year Hezekiah got
sick. This is a problem for Isaiah, consider:
Isa 39:1 At that time Merodachbaladan, the son of Baladan, king of
Babylon, sent letters and a present to Hezekiah: for he had heard
that he had been sick, and was recovered.
Isaiah has Merodach-Baladan visiting Hezekiah sometime after he
(Hezekiah) recovered from his sickness. Hezekiah was sick in year
14, and sometime after this, he recovered. The problem is Merodach-
Baladan, according to Mr Rice's scheme, had been dead for at least 9
All of Sennacherib's solders were killed, yet somehow Sennacherib
took 200,150 prisoners.
Damien Mackey in `Sargon is Sennacherib', quoting Boutflower says
that Sennacherib said this:
As for Hezekiah of Judah, who did not submit to my yoke, 46 of his
strong walled cities, as well as the small cities in their
neighbourhood, which were without number - by levelling with
battering-rams and advancing the siege engines, by attacking and
storming on foot, by mines, tunnels, and breaches, I besieged and
captured. 200,150 people, great and small, male and female, horses,
mules, asses, camels, cattle and sheep without number, I brought
away from them and counted as spoil.
However, scripture says this:
2 Kings 19:25,36 (35) And it came to pass that night, that the
angel of the LORD went out, and smote in the camp of the Assyrians
an hundred fourscore and five thousand: and when they arose early in
the morning, behold, they [were] all dead corpses. (36) So
Sennacherib king of Assyria departed, and went and returned, and
dwelt at Nineveh.
Sennacherib claimed to take 200,150 Judahites captive, yet scripture
claims the angel of the Lord killed Sennacherib's 185,000 Assyrian
soldiers – "they were all dead corpses". –IF— all of Sennacherib's
solders were dead, then how did Sennacherib bring back 200,150
Well, a reasonable explanation, is that Sennacherib invaded Judah
twice. The first time, he kicked butt, while his butt got kicked the
second time. If the first invasion matches the details of invasion
described in the Sargon inscriptions, which it does, then this would
lend weight to the idea that Sargon is Sennacherib!
Fifthly – Where's the gold?
First, Hezekiah gives Sennacherib all the gold.
2Ki 18:14 And Hezekiah king of Judah sent to the king of Assyria to
Lachish, saying, I have offended; return from me: that which thou
puttest on me will I bear. And the king of Assyria appointed unto
Hezekiah king of Judah three hundred talents of silver and thirty
talents of gold.
2 Ki 18:15 And Hezekiah gave [him] all the silver that was found in
the house of the LORD, and in the treasures of the king's house.
2Ki 18:16 At that time did Hezekiah cut off [the gold from] the
doors of the temple of the LORD, and [from] the pillars which
Hezekiah king of Judah had overlaid, and gave it to the king of
Then, he shows it to Merodachbaladan!
Isa 39:1,2, 6 (1) At that time Merodachbaladan, the son of Baladan,
king of Babylon, sent letters and a present to Hezekiah: for he had
heard that he had been sick, and was recovered. (2) And Hezekiah
was glad of them, and shewed them the house of his precious things,
the silver, and the gold, and the spices, and the precious ointment,
and all the house of his armour, and all that was found in his
treasures: there was nothing in his house, nor in all his dominion,
that Hezekiah shewed them not. (6) Behold, the days come, that all
that [is] in thine house, and [that] which thy fathers have laid up
in store until this day, shall be carried to Babylon: nothing shall
be left, saith the LORD.
Sixthly, too many events occurred in Hezekiah Year 14 = Sennacherib
As I stated in the introduction, in my opinion, modern chronologers
fail to recognize that Sennacherib invaded JUDAH twice. Well,
suppose they are correct. Here are some of the events which would
have had to happen in that one year.
Sennacherib, along with 185,000 solders, claimed to come to Judah
and `leveled' "46 of his strong walled cities" How long would it
take to travil to `level' one city? Well, say it took two weeks to
traval from Ninevah to the first `strong walled city', then say it
took 3 days to level it; then say, it took 2 days to travel to the
next `strong walled city' and 3 more days to level it. You would end
up with 2 weeks + 5 days/city * 46 cities = 244 days. Hmmmm… not
likely. Sometime during this warmonging, Sennacherib sent some
messengers to Hezekiah, asking him to surrender, which, Hezekiah
politely refused, however, he stripped the temple of gold and silver
and gave Sennacherib 30 talents of gold and several hundred talents
of silver and quickly began construction of an 1800 foot long, 4
foot wide and 12 foot tall, tunnel through solid limestone. In
addition, Hezekiah started construction and repairs on the walls of
Jerusalem. All this stress made Hezekiah sick unto death, but he
prayed to God, and God said he would live 15 more years and would
send a sign such that the sun's shadow would go back 10 degrees
Then, Sennacherib, his solders, and his 200,150 prisoners, had to
travel 2 weeks back to Ninevah with 200,150 prisoners, drop them off
at the local slave market, and travel 2 weeks back to Judah… 272
days. But when they got there, drats, old Hezekiah had finished
building his tunnel and put up walls. Hmmmm…. Not likely. Then, they
sieged Jerusalem, but the angel of the Lord killed all of his
solders, so he traveled two weeks back to Ninevah… i.e. 286 days!!!
In the meantime, according to Isaiah 39, Hezekiah had recovered
from his sickness, and the Merodach-Baladan, who had been dead for
over 9 years, rose from the grave and paid Hezekiah a visit!
Whereupon, Hezekiah somehow showed Merodach-Baladan all the gold and
silver in the temple, which somehow managed to magically reappear.
a lively stone,
Taken from: http://tech.dir.groups.yahoo.com/group/ancient_chronology/message/1874